"Stanley Eugene Fish (b.1938) is one of the chief proponents of a school of literary criticism known as reader response
criticism. In fact, the school of reader response critics has even been
referred to as the “School of Fish” (Murfin 129). As the name might
suggest, reader response criticism emphasizes the role of the reader as
crucial in determining the significance of a text. To a critic of this
type, reading is seen as an activity which makes meaning in a text rather than a passive function which derives meaning from a text."